Dan K'Ni

Published:  09:40 Saturday - November 06, 2010 The K'Ni is a stringed musical instrument, sawing bow branch and is popular among many ethnic minority groups living in northern highlands (central Vietnam) such as Bahnar, Gia Rai, E De, Se Dang, Pako, and Hre...

The most notable particularity of K'Ni is that it has no resonator. The whole K'Ni is a round or straight branch of bamboo section about 50-70 cm in length, 02-03 cm in diameter. Frets (made of beeswax knobs) are fixed on the main part and the string is hung along its length. The bow is made of a small thin bamboo bar; the player rubs the outside of the bow on the string to produce sounds.

Though its structure is quite simple, the distinctiveness of this instrument resides in the way it is played. The player holds a thread that is linked to the string in his mouth to amplify and transform the sounds. While bowing the string and touching the frets to produce pitches, the player changes the aperture of his mouth according to the tune. Thus, the sounds are altered, almost evoking human pronunciation. However, in reality, the pitch of the sound is not standard. The reason is in the nature of half playing and half singing of the sound produced by the K'Ni. Fast changes of the musician's mouth shapes created by soft mouth membrane doesn't allow standard overtone spectrums and sound waves. Yet, those who are familiar with the sounds of the K'Ni and who understand the vernacular may catch the message of the tune. This is why people say that the K'Ni sings. The E De have added cho nac narration (type of song) to K'Ni to replace human voice.

The K'ni is a musical instrument for men to play in communal houses in ethnic minorities' hamlets or in watch-towers in milpa land. In old times, people never used to play it at home considering that with its mystical sound, the K'ni is a speaker of spirits.

The Trong Com

The Trong Com

The trong com (rice drum) gets its name from the practice of placing a pinch of hot steamed rice in...
T'rung

T'rung

T'rung is one of the popular musical instruments closely associated with the spiritual life of the Bahnar, TSedan, Giarai, Ede...
Sao Truc, Vietnamese spiritual life- Vietnamese culture

Sao Truc, Vietnamese spiritual life- Vietnamese culture

Sao truc, the bamboo flute, which is made from a stem of fine bamboo pierced with finger holes, has long...
Dan Tam Three-string Lute

Dan Tam Three-string Lute

This three-stringed lute is used by several ethnic groups in Vietnam. The Viet call it Dan Tam, whereas the Ha...
Dan Tranh 16-string zither

Dan Tranh 16-string zither

The Dan Tranh is also known as Dan Thap Luc or sixteen-stringed zither. Its shape resembles a bamboo tube that...
Dan Ty Ba Four-string Guitar

Dan Ty Ba Four-string Guitar

The Dan Ty Ba is a four-string instrument which is frequently present in a traditional orchestra. Its sound box is...
Dan Nguyet Two-string Guitar

Dan Nguyet Two-string Guitar

The Southerners of Vietnam refer to this instrument as Dan Kim. Dan Nguyet has two strings and the resonator resembles...
Two-string fiddle (Dan Nhi)

Two-string fiddle (Dan Nhi)

The Dan Nhi is popular among several ethnic groups in Vietnam. It is also referred to as Dan Co in...
We appreciate your comments. Should you have any feedback or thoughts on how to improve VIETNAMTOURISM.ORG.VN , please contact us at: info@vietnamtourism.org.vn
Việt nam tourism Chuyên cung cấp website du lịch và dich vụ tour du lịch VIETNAMTOURISM.ORG.VN Xếp hạng 9.5/10 4999 Bình chọn