HUNG YEN PROVINCE
Square: 923.5 km2.
Population: 1132,3 thousand people (2010)
City: Hung Yen City
Districts: My Hao, Van Lam, Yen My, Khoai Chau, Van Giang, An Thi, Kim Dong, Phu Cu, Tien Lu.
The famous site in Hung Yen is Pho Hien relic group, including Van Mieu, Hien, Chuong pagodas, Mau Temple. Other popular sites are Kim Chung, Huong Lang, Thai Lac, Ne Chau pagodas, Chu Dong Tu, Phuong Hoang, Dau An, Da Hoa temples. Hung Yen is home of famous people like Nguyen Binh, Hoang Hoa Tham, Doan Thi Diem, Le Huu Trac, Chu Manh Trinh, Vu Trong Phung, Nguyen Cong Hoan, To Ngoc Van, Pham Huy Thong.
Hung Yen Province - Vietnam Tourism
The area of the province of Hưng Yên has been inhabited for millennia.
During the legendary Hưng Kings period, Hung Yen belonged to Giao Chi area, Du Chien district. Under the Ngô Dynasty, it was called Dang Chau. It was then renamed Thai Binh phu (phu is an administrative unit) under the Early Lê Dynasty, Dang Chau and Khoai Chau phu under the Lý Dynasty and Long Hung lo (lo is an administrative unit) and Khoai lo under the Trần Dynasty. Under the Later Lê Dynasty, Hung Yen belonged to Son Nam and then divided into Son Nam Thuong lo and Son Nam Ha lo.
The Nguyễn Dynasty implemented administrative reforms in 1831 to dismantle the tran administrative units and establish provinces. Five districts of Dong Yen, Kim Dong, Thien Thi, Phu Cu and Tien Lu were separated from Khoai Chau phu of Son Nam Thuong tran and three districts of Than Khe, Duyen Ha and Hung Nhan were separated from Tien Hung phu of Nam Dinh tran of lower Son Nam town to establish Hung Yen province. The initial center of the province was located in An Vu and Luong Dien communes and then moved to Nhi Tan of Xich Dang commune (now Hung Yen city).
This area has favourable transport conditions with communes and markets lying side by side, enabling trading activities to be busier and busier. The Chronicle of Hung yen province stated: "The streets are very busy and bustle, crowded with vehicles; the old images of Phổ Hiền in Son Nam can been seen now in this land".
Located in center of Red River Delta, Hung Yen shares border with Bac Ninh Province on the north, Ha Nam Province on the south, Hai Duong, Thai Binh provinces on the east, Ha Tay Province and Hanoi on the west.
Terrain in Hung Yen is quite event and flat with many rivers. Hong, Luoc, Cuu An, Ke Sat rivers surrounds three sides of province. In addition of that, there are Kim Nguu, Nghia Ly, and Bac Hung Hai rivers.
Hung Yen belongs to monsoon - tropical climate area. There are clearly two seasons: the hot and the cold seasons. Cold season is dry, from November to April next year. In hot season, it rains a lot from May to October. The annual average temperature is about 23ºC
The famous site in Hung Yen is Pho Hien relic group, including Van Mieu, Hien, Chuong pagodas, Mau Temple. Other popular sites are Kim Chung, Huong Lang, Thai Lac, Ne Chau pagodas, Chu Dong Tu, Phuong Hoang, Dau An, Da Hoa temples.
Hung Yen is home of famous people like Nguyen Binh, Hoang Hoa Tham, Doan Thi Diem, Le Huu Trac, Chu Manh Trinh, Vu Trong Phung, Nguyen Cong Hoan, To Ngoc Van, Pham Huy Thong.
Coming to there, visitors enjoy traditional songs such as cheo, a dao, trong quan or take part in Chu Dong Tu, Tu Phap, An Xa Village, Ghenh Temple, Co Le, Tho Hoang hamlets festivals.
Especially, Hung Yen's cape-longan is very well-known. This sweet longan with a thick pulp and a thin peel, used to be offered to kings only.
Hung Yen Town is 60km from Hanoi. Hung Yen locates on National Highway No.5: Hanoi - Hung Yen - Hai Duong - Hai Phong.
There is National Highway No.39 linking from My Hao District to Hung Yen Town and then Thai Binh. National Highway No.38 connects to Bac Ninh.
Hanoi - Hai Phong railway also comes over Hung Yen.